Bugel prostheses

Bugel prostheses

What is a Dental prosthesis?

Dental prostheses are special replacements for missing teeth, as well as for restoration of separate tooth crown defects. What types of  prostheses are used?

Bugel prostheses 

Due to their high quality, Bugel prostheses are the most required type of bugel dentures used for partly or even a complete absence of tooth.
Bugel prostheses consist of metallic arches, artificial teeth that are attached to the plastic base imitating gums.
The fundamental demand for Bugel prostheses is the presence of at least some teeth to be able to attach the prosthesis to them or a sufficient amount of bone tissues, In that case, when Bugel prostheses are placed on beam structures.

Types of Bugel prostheses 

Bugel prostheses are classified based on the method of attachment. The main advantage of all Bugel prostheses is preservation of taste and speech intelligibility, besides these   prostheses don't require  a lot of care and it is not necessary to  take them off at night.

• On Clamping. clampings are metallic hooks covering the neck of the supporting tooth. They are attached without the removal of enamel. But these  prostheses are not  aesthetic enough. The hooks are visible while smiling. But very often the clampings can be merged with the gum color in order to be more aesthetic.

• Locking Prosthesis On Attachments: Attachments are valves, some of which are invisibly attached to the denture and other parts to the teeth. Such  prosthesis is completely unmovable that is why the main pressure falls on the supporting teeth. This type allows  to  use  not only gums but also natural teeth as a base. Such structures are fixed on the valve that is mounted directly Into the Prosthesis, so it is not visible from the outside. This type of attachment provides more durability and occupies less space in the oral cavity.

• On Telescopic crowns: The crowns consist of two sides. The lower part is unmovable. It is fixed on the supporting teeth (by its shape, it represents  filed tooth for a crown), the upper part is movable, it is fixed on the metallic part of the Bugel prosthesis. During chewing the pressure is not only on supporting teeth, but also on chin bone spreading the chewing strength equivalent to physical one. 

• On beam structures: This is a moveable dynamic structure that replaces the entire tooth arch and is fixed on the implants. It is not necessary to place an implant under each tooth for the restoration of a large number of teeth. Only some metallic structure is necessary which is merged around the whole tooth valve. It will give a chance to restore the whole tooth arch reducing the treatment payment. Due to the equal bone pressure the bone tissue between the implants isn’t reduced under the prosthesis and if necessary they can be replaced without damaging the implant or beam fastening system.


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